BOARD
MiFID 2

Gearing up for MiFID 2: our preparations and plea to ESMA

19 September 2017

MifiD 2 – a pan-european piece of financial legislation applies from January 3rd, 2018.

10 years in the making, MifiD 2 builds on its predecessor, “to improve the functioning of financial markets, making them more efficient, resilient and transparent.”

Whilst the overall scope of MiFID 2 is way beyond our scope …

MiFID 2 & Retail Brokerage

But does it affect the retail brokerage industry?

Quite a lot. ESMA, the Pan-european regulator behind MiFID2, has its eyes set on CFDs – intervening using rare legislative prerogatives reserved for “high priority” situations.

Why is that? Because retail trading has grown a lot (the trader movement is strong!). Unfortunately, it’s done so with teething problems that need fixing, pronto. In its statement, ESMA announces regime changes combining (and hopefully harmonising) the various measures introduced by national regulators, including:

  1. Leverage limits,
  2. Guaranteed limits on client losses, and / or
  3. Restrictions on the marketing and distribution of these products.

National strategies so far – our take

If we were in ESMA’s shoes, we’d make retail OTC trading “efficient, resilient and transparent” by forcing CFDs on Exchange, because this would tame the conflict of interest between retail traders and market makers. Without conflict, who would want retail traders blowing up? What would be the point of leverage limits, guaranteed stop-losses or marketing restrictions? (Could this be why IG are working on their own MTF?).

If you want more insight on why, in our view, on Exchange is the only way:

Alas, national regulators haven’t suggested on Exchange for now… so we hope whatever ESMA comes up with overcomes the limitations of:

  1. FCA: Leverage limits (NB the FCA has since delayed policy to follow ESMA)
  2. BaFin: Guaranteed limits on client losses as introduced in Germany…

MiFID 2 – the Darwinex way

In any case, we’re luckily not in ESMA’s shoes (not an easy job!). We’re in our own – and there’s plenty we can – and will – do in the meantime.

Since launching Darwinex broker 3 years ago, we’ve NEVER traded against customers (and NEVER will). Instead, we invest in them. Slowly but surely… the likes of NTI prove that listing independent traders creates an asset, and that investor leverage is the sustainable business model.

And yet, on Exchange or off Exchange, more and more people actively invest their savings. Which unfortunately also means too many gamble away more than they can afford. The problem is: too many quit before learning how to do it. Because that’s bad (for them and for us), we’re re-vamping on-boarding procedures for even more alignment and transparency.

Without disclosing methodology & parameters (this could incentivise people to “game” the system against their own best interest), available leverage for users will depend on:

  1. Proven or proveable experience/training when trading with leverage
  2. Solvency – because no-one should risk capital they can’t afford to lose

MiFID 2 – what it means in practice

NB: all users will be allowed to purchase DARWINs – within their stated risk appetite. This is because DARWINs are comparatively low leverage (rarely more than 5:1)

We will segment the Trading user base using both pieces of information, and transition from:

  1. Inappropriate -> the aspiring traders’ gaps in either or both criteria are too large. We won’t accept his trades until he’s ready (watch out for more news in the educational space)
  2. On transit -> it’s appropriate for the user to trade, but we will restrict the leverage he can deploy
  3. Unlocked -> user has acquired enough experience. We will offer him/her all the leverage available to customers at any given time

We will disclose our internal categorisation to customers so they know where they are in their evolution from “novice” to “maximum” leverage.

In addition to the above segmentation, we will apply two further controls:

  1. For investors: from day 1, the risk management engine tracks Equity at Risk (EaR) for every investor portfolio. Investors can’t buy more exposure than their maximum risk threshold at any point in time – investors can only sell once they reach the maximum threshold
  2. For all customers: we will track customers’ overall P&L (for trading and investing), informing them about it. We will also warn when the threshold is exceeded. And we may withdraw permission to trade if we feel it’s inappropriate for him/her to continue trading

Last, but not least, the restrictions apply to new customers only.

Last News

Amended Trading Hours U.S. Labor Day 2019

30 August 2019

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming U.S. Labour Day on September 2nd, 2019.

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming U.S. Labor Day on September 2nd, 2019. All times are in UK (BST) time.

 


 Instrument Trading Hours on September 2nd 2019
 COMMODITIES  
Gold 23:01 Sun – 17:59 Mon
Silver 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon
Platinum 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon
Palladium 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon
US Crude 23:00 Sun – 17:45 Mon
Natural Gas 23:00 Sun – 17:45 Mon
 INDICES  
Japan 225 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon 
 US SPX 500 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon
 US Tech 100 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon
Wall Street 30 23:00 Sun – 18:00 Mon
US STOCKS
All US stocks CLOSED

 

The rest of the assets will trade according to their usual trading time. As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be happy to assist you!

UK100 Closed on August 26th

14 August 2019

Please note that the UK100 index CFD will be closed on Monday August 26th due to UK Summer Bank Holiday. All other assets will trade according to the usual trading hours. 

Please note that the UK100 index CFD will be closed on Monday August 26th due to UK Summer Bank Holiday. All other assets will trade according to the usual trading hours.

DAX Trading Hours Soon to be Extended

9 July 2019

The CFD of the DAX (GDAXI) start trading with an extended schedule as of Monday July 22nd, 2019.

The CFD of the DAX (GDAXI) will soon – probably as of Monday July 22nd – start trading with an extended schedule.

The current schedule is as follows:

  • 07:00 – 21:00 (London) Mon-Thu
  • 07:00 – 20:55 (London) Fri

The extended schedule will be as follows:

  • 01:30 – 21:00 (London) Mon-Thu
  • 01:30 – 20:55 (London) Fri

We’ll update this post with the final implementation date of the extended schedule as soon as possible.

Update on July 18th: the DAX will start trading according to the new schedule on Monday July 22nd.

Note that during the night, GDAXI usually has a wider spread and a lower liquidity than during the day.

Please get in touch at info@darwinex.com for any questions you may have.

apalancamiento esma

The FCA Makes ESMA’s CFD Restrictions Permanent

4 July 2019

The new measure doesn’t affect us more than the ESMA intervention already did. And it affected us in a positive way, contributing to the improvement of our clients’ performance.

The UK’s Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) made the European Authority’s (ESMA) CFD restrictions permanent this week.

Some reactions to this we saw in user forums implied this was a “ban” of Contracts for Differentes (CFDs). Some even said it was “the end of Darwinex”.

We’d like to clarify that the FCA’s measure makes the restrictions we already applied last year permanent. But nothing else changes. It’s only that this time it’s the national regulator that said this while last year it was the ESMA.

The new measure doesn’t affect us more than the ESMA intervention already did. And it affected us in a positive way, contributing to the improvement of our clients’ performance.

Trading Schedule for the US Independence Day on 3rd and 4th July 2019

27 June 2019

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours (in red) for the upcoming US Independence Day on 3 & 4 July 2019. All times are in UK (BST) time.

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours (in red) for the upcoming US Independence Day on 3 & 4 July 2019. All times are in UK (BST) time.

 

FX Wednesday 3rd July Thursday 4th July
All FX Instruments 22:05 Tue – 22:00 Wed 22:05 Wed – 22:00 Thu
DARWINs 22:05 Tue – 21:59 Wed 22:05 Tue – 21:59 Wed
Commodities
Gold 23:01 Tue – 21:59 Wed *23:01 Wed – 18:00 Thu 
Silver 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu 
Platinum 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu 
Palladium 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu 
US Crude 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed *23:00 Wed – 17:45 Thu 
US Natural Gas 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed *23:00 Wed – 17:45 Thu 
Indices
AUS200 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu
STOXX50E 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu
FCHI40 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu
GDAXI 07:00 – 21:00 07:00 – 21:00
J225 *23:00 Tue – 18:15 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu 
SPA35 07:00 – 19:00 07:00 – 19:00
UK100 23:00 Tue – 22:00 Wed 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu
SPX500 *23:00 Tue – 18:15 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu
NDX *23:00 Tue – 18:15 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu 
WS30 *23:00 Tue – 18:15 Wed *23:00 Wed – 18:00 Thu
US stocks 14:31 – 20:59 CLOSED
 
Crypto
All Crypto Instruments 22:05 Tue – 22:00 Wed 22:05 Wed – 22:00 Thu

 

 

The DARWIN Exchange will remain open even if the underlying assets’ market is closed. Should you want to know the standard procedure when you buy/sell a DARWIN whose underlying asset market is closed, we recommend you to read the following Help Center article: What happens if you want to buy/sell a DARWIN which has underlying trades open with different opening/closing times?

As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be happy to assist you!

Australia Public Holiday on 10th June 2019

5 June 2019

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming Bank Holiday in Australia on 10th June 2019 (all times are in UK time).

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming bank holiday in Australia on 10th June 2019. All times are in UK (BST) time.

Indices  Monday 10th June 2019
AUS200 08:10 – 22:00

 

The rest of the assets will trade according to their usual trading time.

As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be happy to assist you!

CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 66 % of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.