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When do DARWINs close for new investment?

16 June 2016

With several DARWINs gaining Assets under Management at speed, the time has come to announce the DARWIN lock-out methodology.

This blog post explains how the process is monitored, with two new areas in the investor interface providing the relevant information.

Reminder – Divergence

DARWINs track their underlying strategy. DARWIN provider and investors are bound NOT to trade at the exact same prize because:

  1. Investors’ replica block trade lags the lead DARWIN provider’s
  2. For popular DARWINs, the investor block trade volume exceeds provider’s

The market typically moves during the latency period, and this introduces a performance difference. On some trades investors lose out, on some they win. Over a long enough sample of trades the latency effect averages out – but it introduces a bit of noise in the replication process.

Unlike the latency effect, the volume effect makes investors systematically worse off. They lose out gradually as growing trade sizes (driven by growing assets under management) wipe available market depth. For successful enough DARWINs, there comes a point when a marginal EUR / USD / GBP invested yields no marginal profit. This point marks a strategy’s AuM ceiling.

Monthly Divergence

The single metric driving when and how a DARWIN is closed for new investment is monthly investor divergence.

Monthly investor divergence is public for all DARWINs on the public dashboard, with a high-level summary (A in the screen capture below) and a detailed overview (B in the capture):

Screen Shot 2016-06-16 at 17.47.48

Negative monthly divergence (red) indicates how much DARWIN investor performance lags DARWIN notional performance, per month. Note that to protect investors from this effect, investor trades clear at the raw spread provided by our LPs. This is the reason why most DARWINs sport positive (green) divergence by default. The monthly divergence  figure is calculated for the most representative trades by the strategy (note – there are numerous hedging micro-trades triggered by the risk management algos to “shave” investor exposure, but these do not count towards the divergence computation).

The public submenu in the DARWIN profile (B in the screenshot) includes two tabs.

The first tracks divergence in cumulative % – as a difference between DARWIN and investor performance:

Screen Shot 2016-06-16 at 20.27.00

The second tracks pip divergence: tracking positive (green) and negative (red) divergence accounting for replication latency (average and median) in milliseconds (ms) and individual trade size (bubble size): Screen Shot 2016-06-16 at 20.29.38

Note that divergence can fluctuate substantially across strategies and market times. It can be particularly slow during market roll-over and news releases, as trades take longer to fill and the execution bridge takes longer to report to our investor infrastructure.

 

What’s next?

As AuM for the more popular DARWINs scale, we’ll continue to monitor all the parameters driving investor divergence, with a view towards:

  1. Refining the calibration of the scalability score to AuM
  2. Developing algorithms that fraction investor execution – it is certainly possible to reduce slippage this way
  3. Offering providers toolkit to optimize their investors’ liquidity trade-offs
  4. Refining the threshold after which DARWINs are closed for new investment (currently set at -1% negative divergence)

Thoughts? Suggestions? Go ahead!

Last News

Amended Trading Hours for US Thanksgiving Holidays (23 and 24 November 2017)

21 November 2017

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming US Thanksgiving holiday period on 23 and 24 November 2017 (all times are in UK – GMT time).  Instrument 23 November 2017 24 November 2017 FX 22:01 Wed – 22:00 Thu 22:01 Thu – 21:55 Fri DARWINS 22:01 Wed – 22:00 Thu  22:01 Thu – 21:55 Fri  COMMODITIES     Gold* […]

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming US Thanksgiving holiday period on 23 and 24 November 2017 (all times are in UK – GMT time).

 Instrument 23 November 2017 24 November 2017
FX 22:01 Wed – 22:00 Thu 22:01 Thu – 21:55 Fri
DARWINS 22:01 Wed – 22:00 Thu  22:01 Thu – 21:55 Fri
 COMMODITIES    
Gold* 23:01 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:01 Thu – 18:44 Fri
Silver* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:00 Thu – 18:44 Fri
Platinum* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:00 Thu – 18:44 Fri
Palladium* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:00 Thu – 18:44 Fri
US Crude* 23:00 Wed – 17:44 Thu 23:00 Thu – 17:29 Fri
Natural Gas* 23:00 Wed – 17:44 Thu 23:00 Thu – 17:29 Fri
 INDICES    
Australia 200 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu 23:00 Thu – 21:55 Fri
 Europe 50 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu 23:00 Thu – 21:55 Fri
France 40 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu 23:00 Thu – 21:55 Fri
Germany 30 07:00 – 21:00 07:00 – 21:00
Spain 35 07:00 – 19:00 07:00 – 19:00
Japan 225* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu  23:00 Thu – 18:14 Fri 
UK 100 23:00 Wed – 22:00 Thu 23:00 Thu – 21:55 Fri
 US SPX 500* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:00 Thu – 18:14 Fri 
 US Tech 100* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:00 Thu – 18:14 Fri 
Wall Street 30* 23:00 Wed – 17:59 Thu 23:00 Thu – 18:14 Fri 
*Amended Darwinex trading hours.

As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be happy to assist you!

DARWIN conditional orders in live environment

14 November 2017

We have the pleasure to announce that we are finally rolling out DARWIN conditional orders in the live environment. Demand was so strong, this just couldn’t wait any longer! Conditional orders for live accounts The DARWIN Exchange now supports conditional orders in the live environment. Investors may now enter conditional orders so that when a […]

We have the pleasure to announce that we are finally rolling out DARWIN conditional orders in the live environment. Demand was so strong, this just couldn’t wait any longer!

Conditional orders for live accounts

The DARWIN Exchange now supports conditional orders in the live environment.

Investors may now enter conditional orders so that when a DARWIN quote:

  • Falls to a certain level, they buy it (Buy limit)
  • Rises to certain level, they buy it (Buy stop)
  • Falls to a certain level, they sell it (Stop Loss)
  • Rises to a certain level, they sell it (Take Profit)

NB: we’ve disabled Buy stops for now – we will activate them once everyone is comfortable with the other 3 limit order types.

 

In order to launch conditional orders in the live environment, we’ve also had to launch another much demanded feature – DARWIN candle charts.

Introducing DARWIN candle charts

We’re introducing candle charts, not for the purpose of charting, but to be as transparent as possible on whether DARWIN quotes hit a given level.

Candles represent a given time interval and have:

  • Opening quote: the first quote at the start of the interval represented by the candle
  • Closing quote: the last quote during the interval represented by the candle
  • High: highest quote in the interval
  • Low: lowest quote in the interval

Note that due to differences in the frequency of tick price movements and duration of candle periods, the close quote for a candle need not necessarily match the open quote for the succeeding candle.

Price granularity

Price granularity is a trade-off between accuracy/transparency and computational efficiency. Pick too little, and compromise transparency. Pick too much, and waste resources.

This is why we’ve opted for a 3-Tier approach:

  • Second level granularity: on quotes in the DARWIN platform since 15 August 2017
  • Minute granularity:  for the period between IPO/validation of the Darwin in question and the 15 August 2017
  • Hourly granularity: for the period pre Darwin IPO/validation, when there were no investors in the DARWIN. Transparency requirements are lowest – these are “fictitious” quotes that no investor experienced!
  • Exception on DARWIN re-sets: on occasions, owing to some execution issue on a DARWIN’s underlying strategy, DARWIN equity curves must be “simulated” back to what they would have been barring the execution issues. For the period where the curve has had to be re-created, or needs to be recreated in the future, granularity will be on an hourly basis (just like pre-IPO), and not on a minute/second basis as you would otherwise expect.

You might ask yourself, “Why only second level granularity from 15th August 2017?”. Well, it’s simple really. We simply didn’t think that we would need this level of detail.

Separately, we are aware that the treatment of exceptions is sub-optimal. Be assured however that there’s ongoing work both to minimise the probability of execution disruptions and to resolve the mismatch between the actual and “optimal” DARWIN equity curve. Unfortunately this is not a trivial issue, so it will take time to fix.

Drawdown calculation

We will continue to calculate Drawdowns off the “Return Chart”. Note that this still doesn’t reflect the “Min” Candle – we’re working  on fixing this. Meanwhile, we preferred to release the candles over waiting for ironing out all related issues.

Thank you for your understanding and we look forward to your feedback on how to improve the platform!

And the DarwinIA winners are…

1 November 2017

The October edition of our DarwinIA trading challenge came to its end. Below you can find the 48 winners of our € 4,000,000 notional allocation for a 6 month period. Place DARWIN Notional allocation 1st TKT € 300,000.00 2nd UYZ € 250,000.00 3rd ZXW € 210,000.00 4th DLF € 170,000.00 5th FEG € 150,000.00 6th […]

The October edition of our DarwinIA trading challenge came to its end. Below you can find the 48 winners of our € 4,000,000 notional allocation for a 6 month period.

Place DARWIN Notional allocation
1st TKT € 300,000.00
2nd UYZ € 250,000.00
3rd ZXW € 210,000.00
4th DLF € 170,000.00
5th FEG € 150,000.00
6th VQB € 140,000.00
7th MOW € 130,000.00
8th HTS € 120,000.00
9th VTJ € 110,000.00
10th STP € 110,000.00
11th JCZ € 110,000.00
12th CLA € 100,000.00
13th LVS € 100,000.00
14th NWU € 100,000.00
15th PUL € 90,000.00
16th LDR € 90,000.00
17th PHD € 90,000.00
18th DFL € 80,000.00
19th AGD € 80,000.00
20th CNU € 80,000.00
21st KGL € 70,000.00
22nd PEW € 70,000.00
23rd KYQ € 70,000.00
24th AXF € 70,000.00
25th FGC € 60,000.00
26th QTN € 60,000.00
27th VNE € 60,000.00
28th ECC € 60,000.00
29th FYW € 60,000.00
30th PUD € 60,000.00
31st ERQ € 50,000.00
32nd DZL € 50,000.00
33rd PMZ € 50,000.00
34th BNX € 50,000.00
35th WBH € 50,000.00
36th LLZ € 50,000.00
37th FTT € 50,000.00
38th KWC € 40,000.00
39th OOG € 40,000.00
40th NGS € 40,000.00
41st SRK € 40,000.00
42nd XYP € 40,000.00
43rd NAU € 40,000.00
44th VHI € 40,000.00
45th ONE € 30,000.00
46th FER € 30,000.00
47th BYC € 30,000.00
48th PUZ € 30,000.00

Darwinex Amended Trading Hours due to German Public Holiday (31 October 2017)

27 October 2017

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming Bank Holiday in Germany on 31 October 2017 (all times are in UK time).  Instrument Trading Hours  FX 22:05 Mon – 22:00 Tue   DARWINS 22:05 Mon – 22:00 Tue  COMMODITIES   Gold 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue Silver 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue Platinum 23:00 Mon – 22:00 […]

Please note the amended Darwinex trading hours for the upcoming Bank Holiday in Germany on 31 October 2017 (all times are in UK time).

 Instrument Trading Hours
 FX 22:05 Mon – 22:00 Tue
  DARWINS 22:05 Mon – 22:00 Tue
 COMMODITIES  
Gold 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
Silver 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
Platinum 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
Palladium 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
US Crude 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
Natural Gas 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
 INDICES  
Australia 200  23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
 Europe 50 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
France 40 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
Germany 30* Closed
Spain 35 08:00 – 19:00
Japan 225 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
UK 100  23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
 US SPX 500 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
 US Tech 100 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
Wall Street 30 23:00 Mon – 22:00 Tue
*Amended Darwinex trading hours.

As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be happy to assist you!

General Election in Japan (22 October 2017)

18 October 2017

Please note that the Japan General Election is coming up this Sunday (22 October 2017). The outcome of the election could result in market gapping in JPY pairs when market opens. Please make sure you are comfortable with the open position exposure on your Darwinex account and that you have sufficient margin cover going into the weekend […]

Please note that the Japan General Election is coming up this Sunday (22 October 2017).

The outcome of the election could result in market gapping in JPY pairs when market opens.

Please make sure you are comfortable with the open position exposure on your Darwinex account and that you have sufficient margin cover going into the weekend prior to market close at 22:00 (UK time) on Friday (20 October 2017).

As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be glad to assist you!

 

End of Daylight Saving Time in Europe (29 October 2017)

Please note that Daylight Saving Time ends in Europe on Sunday 29 October 2017 but our MT4 server time is NOT changing until Sunday 5 November 2017 (when Daylight Saving Time ends in the US). This means that there will be 1 week (29 October through 3 November 2017) where some markets will open 1 hour earlier in GMT […]

Please note that Daylight Saving Time ends in Europe on Sunday 29 October 2017 but our MT4 server time is NOT changing until Sunday 5 November 2017 (when Daylight Saving Time ends in the US).

This means that there will be 1 week (29 October through 3 November 2017) where some markets will open 1 hour earlier in GMT time (i.e. FX market will open at 21:01 GMT instead of 22:01 GMT; commodities will open at 22:01 GMT, etc.).

 Instrument Trading Hours
 FX  21:05 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 21:01 daily) 
  DARWINS 21:05 Sun – 21:00 Fri (except 21:00 – 21:01 daily)
 COMMODITIES  
Gold 22:01 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 20:59 – 22:01 daily)
Silver 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
Platinum 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
Palladium 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
US Crude 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
Natural Gas 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
 INDICES  
Australia 200 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
 Europe 50 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
France 40 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
Germany 30 07:00 – 21:00 (Mon – Fri)
Spain 35 07:00 – 19:00 (Mon – Fri)
Japan 225 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
UK 100 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
 US SPX 500 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
 US Tech 100 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)
Wall Street 30 22:00 Sun – 20:55 Fri (except 21:00 – 22:00 daily)


Trading hours will return to normal on Sunday 5th November 2017
, allowing for the daily candle to close at the end of trading in New York each day which is widely considered the end of the trading day.

As always, at info@darwinex.com we’ll be glad to assist you with any question you may have!